ietnam surpassed India to become the largest buyer of Chin

a’s photovoltaic products. Export value to Vietnam rose 239 times to $739 million in the fi

rst quarter, taking up 16.8 percent of China’s total photovoltaic export value.

With the European Union ending its anti-dumping and anti-subsidy meas

ures, photovoltaic exports from China to Europe also saw large increase in Q1.

The country’s photovoltaic products export volume to the Netherlands and Spain increased 1,049.6 percent and 158.3 perc

ent, respectively, in the first quarter, said the report. It predicted that the emerging markets, such as Mexico, Aus

tralia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates will further boost the export of China’s photovoltaic modules.

The export of China’s photovoltaic products to the United States dropped 28.9 pe

rcent to just 0.01 GW in the first quarter, the report said. The Section 201, Section 3

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They will also increase the number of personnel exchan

anges to improve the experience and effectiveness of customs officers, Jin said.

China will continue to conduct joint law enforcement operations with other countries targeti

ng IPR violations, including Russia and the US. Customs officials of the EU, Japan and South Kore

a have responded positively to China’s proposal for law enforcement operations, he said.

“We have been encouraging domestic and overseas enterprises to conduct exchanges on t

echnology and protecting the lawful intellectual property rights of overseas enterprises in China,” Jin said. “We a

lso want other countries to intensify IPR protections for Chinese enterprises on their soil.”

Jin made the comments at a news conference organized by the State Council Infor

mation Office in Beijing for the release of an IPR protection report by the Chinese government.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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Government pledges more red tape cuts of items requiri

China will further cut the number of items requiring certificatio

n and refine the procedures through institutional inno

vation to improve government services and foster a more enabling business environment.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting, chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday.

Participants at the meeting agreed that the government’s efforts in recent years to repeal unwarranted certification requ

irements and deepen the reform of government functions have produced notable results.

“These are crucial steps benefiting both companies and individuals

,” Li said. “At a time when the economy still faces uncertainties, removing these unjustified cer

tification requirements will help boost market vitality and improve the business environment.”

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hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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Xi’s speech on opening-up is well receivedpolicies

President lays out proposals to encourage foreign investment, guarantee fair competition

The measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further opening-up in Ch

ina are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Over

holt, senior research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at the

opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market acce

ss for foreign investment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

China’s pledges included shortening its negative list for foreign investments, opening up more sect

ors to foreign businesses, guaranteeing fair competition and planning new free-trade zones and ports.

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Medical experts said bills for patients requiring 29

of the 55 rare disease medicines available on the Chinese mainland

have been partly or fully covered by the country’s medical insurance system.

The average medical bill for rare disease patients is 200,000 yuan ($

29,700) a year and more than 40 percent of patients have received no medical tre

atment due to the high prices, according to Li Linkang, China Alliance of Rate Diseases executive director.

Biogen, the United Sates-based pharmaceutical compa

ny that developed the drug, said that it is talking to the C

hinese government, the medical and patient communities, and charitable orga

nizations in a bid to establish a co-payment system to make the drug available to more patients.

ax142.cn

NPC reviews Securities Law amendmentdamental law governin

Country may soon adopt revision to pave way for capital market reform

The top legislature deliberated on the draft revision of the Securities Law over the weeke

nd, signaling China may soon adopt the revision to pave the way for key capital market reforms, experts said.

On Saturday, the draft revision was submitted to a bimonthly s

ession of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress for a third reading, Xinh

ua News Agency reported. The session began on Saturday and continues through Tuesday.

Revision of the fundamental law governing the capital market h

as lasted for six years, with 2015 and 2017 having seen readings of two draft versions.

“The latest draft version is of great importance because it will provide legal grounds for the registration-based initial pub

lic offering system-a key reform that China’s capital market has been awaiting for years,” said Dong Dengxin, director of th

e Finance and Securities Institute at Wuhan University of Science and Technology.

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A large number of Chinese cultural heritage sites are b

eing restored as well. We have no room for even the slightest error,” Song said.

Liu Qingzhu, a cultural heritage expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, “In anci

ent times, thunderstorms were the biggest threats for wooden architecture. They became much safer after l

ighting rods were widely installed. However, the use of electricity in restorations has created a new problem.”

Unlike the stone structures of much ancient architecture in the W

est, wood was the primary building material in ancient China. “If a fire similar to the one at Notre

Dame in Paris happened at a Chinese building, the whole building would probably burn down,” Liu said.

Hours after the fire in Paris, the Palace Museum in

Beijing, China’s former imperial palace from 1420 to 1911 and also known as the Forbidden City, held an eme

rgency meeting to go over its fire-prevention efforts. It is the world’s biggest architectural complex made of wood.

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